Credits and grades

The University of Jyväskylä uses the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS). ECTS is established by the European Commission.


1 ECTS credit = approx. 27 hours of work
1 ECTS credit = 1 opintopiste, abbreviation: op (in Finnish)

ECTS credits reflect the quantity of work each course requires in relation to the total quantity of work required to complete a full year of academic study at the institution, that is, lectures, practical work, seminars, individual work -- in the laboratory, library or at home -- and examinations or other assessment activities.

Further information on European Credit Transfer System is available on the European Commission website.

Full study load

In ECTS, 60 credits (1600 hours) represent a full study load for one academic year (30 ECTS credits per semester).


The University of Jyväskylä uses the grading scale from 1 to 5, with 1 as the lowest and 5 as the highest grade. These scales correspond to the ECTS scale as follows:

University of Jyväskylä scaleECTS grading scale
5 (excellent) A
4 (very good) B
3 (good) C
2 (satisfactory) D
1 (sufficient) E
0 (fail) FX, F

At the University of Jyväskylä, each student is graded on his/her individual performance and there is no rule as to how big a proportion of the course participants can be given a certain grade. In this respect, the University of Jyväskylä grading is not fully comparable to the ECTS grading system.

Some courses are graded only: pass (HYV) -  fail

Licentiate theses and doctoral dissertations

In the assessment of licentiate theses and doctoral dissertations, it is possible to use the grades 0–5, their verbal equivalents or the scale pass with distinction – pass – fail. The Faculty Council decides on the grading scale used in the faculty.